Employment/Daytime Activities

Meaningful Daytime Activity/Day Services

Not everyone is ready or able to join the workforce after completing high school. Some individuals benefit from additional job readiness training while other individuals need training on self-help skills and activities of daily living. Day services are individualized, structured supports for people with significant disabilities. These services often expand an individual's interests and talents by offering community-based activities, center-based activities, and supported employment.
States provide various services and benefits for people with disabilities. The agency names, types of benefits, funding sources, and eligibility vary by state. Contacts: see all Departments of Health, State services providers (5) in our database and see all State Institutions for Individuals with Disabilities services providers (42) in our database.

Employment Options

If employment is an option for your young adult, there are several programs that might be available in the community offering employment readiness. Young adults may be placed in the community at a job site where they work as interns receiving some on-the-job opportunities. These programs are highly effective and address one of the major barriers to community inclusion - a job. It is important to help young adults become familiar with the SSI work incentives, Ticket To Work opportunities, Vocational Rehabilitation, and changes in Medicaid/Medicare designed to support persons with disabilities who wish to be employed.
A life on SSI is a life lived in poverty. Families/youth should become familiar with options/opportunities available that lead to employment. For more information about job readiness programs and employment opportunities, refer to the resources listed below.


Information & Support

For Professionals

Guidance and Career Counselors' Toolkit (PDF Document 1.3 MB)
This 180 page Toolkit from The George Washington University has chapters on "Tools for Counseling Students with Disabilities; Services for Students with Disabilities; College, Career, and Other Postsecondary Options; and Procedural Concerns for Successful Transitions." It also includes weblinks and additional tools.

For Parents and Patients

Employment (PDF Document 120 KB)
From the Institute for Community Inclusion at Children's Hospital, Boston, this handout provides tips to help youth and young adults prepare for a job as they transition to adulthood.

Ticket To Work
From the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the Ticket To Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 (TWWIIA) assists people with disabilities with employment opportunities including Medicaid Buy-In and other programs.

Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation
Provides links to vocational rehabilitation contacts in each state.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program pays benefits to disabled adults and children who have limited income and resources.

Social Security Work Site
Promotes the employment of Social Security beneficiaries.

Work Ability
Work Ability helps prepare people with disabilities to work. The program was designed for people who receive public benefits like Medicaid and Social Security due to a disability. Work Ability connects people with supports to help them find and maintain work.

Career Assistance for People with Autism
Guidance and assistance in navigating the job search for people with autism.

Utah Association of Community Services
Association of community providers who contract with the Division of Services for People with Disabilities and the Office of Rehabilitation to provide site and non-site day services. Some providers also accept clients who are self-pay.

Transition Handbook: From 'No' Where to 'Know' Where (PDF Document 1.1 MB)
This handbook, from the Utah Parent Center, is designed for parents of children with disabilities to help them be active participants in developing transition goals and activities as their children transition to adulthood and includes information about steps to transition, graduation, laws, roles of players, transition planning, employment, training, independent living, timelines, advocacy, SSI, health care, guardianship, estate planning, and a directory of related Utah organizations.

Brain Injury Alliance of Utah
Education and support for the prevention and recovery of brain injury. Lists services (support groups, helpline, community education, conferences, legislative liaisons) and offers family education (simple definitions, a map of the brain with explanations of function, consequences of injury and more).

PACER's National Family Advocacy and Support Training Project (FAST)
This page has a piece on "The Journey to Adulthood – What Every Parent Needs to Know" in regards to youth and maturity. Also includes information on Transition to Adulthood and more for young adults and families, in English and Spanish.

The Arc of Illinois Family Manual for Transition to Work and Adult Services (PDF Document 195 KB)
This manual provides Illinois specific and general information on transition issues including planning, waivers, services, supports, insurance, employment, and national resources.

Keeping It Real: How to Get the Supports You Need for the Life You Want
This curriculum supports students as the transition from high school to adulthood and provides information and tools relating to transition; self-assessment; supports; employment and careers; education and training; living arrangements, recreation and leisure; and resources; from the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey.

Murray Greenhouse Foundation
For individuals with disabilities age 22 and older, teaches independent living and employment skills through work in a greenhouse.

Youth Leadership Toolkit
Guide book and DVD videos for youth/young adults, parents, medical providers, and other professionals with tips from young adults to assist in transitioning to adulthood. Includes transportation, finding adult health care, healthy relationships, employment/volunteering, self-advocacy and independent living. Developed by Independent Living Research Utilization (ILRU) in collaboration with the Center for Persons with Disabilities and the Becoming Leaders for Tomorrow Project.

Vocational Rehabilitation (PDF Document 77 KB)
This handout provides brief tips for young adults as they consider work, vocational rehabilitation, and independent living centers; from the Kentucky Commission for Children with Special Health Care Needs.

Youth/Young Adult Transition Needs Assessment (Word Document 91 KB)
A worksheet to help the youth or young adult determine strengths and needs to help prepare for transition to adulthood; from the Utah Family Voices Health Information & Support Center.


College Disability Centers

See all College Disability Centers services providers (134) in our database.

Departments of Health, State

See all Departments of Health, State services providers (5) in our database.

Disability Employment

See all Disability Employment services providers (30) in our database.

Disability Transportation

See all Disability Transportation services providers (30) in our database.

Disability/Diagnosis-Specific Advocacy

See all Disability/Diagnosis-Specific Advocacy services providers (110) in our database.

Local Support Groups, Disability/Diag

See all Local Support Groups, Disability/Diag services providers (76) in our database.

Residential Services, Disability

See all Residential Services, Disability services providers (14) in our database.

State Institutions for Individuals with Disabilities

See all State Institutions for Individuals with Disabilities services providers (42) in our database.

Vocational Education

See all Vocational Education services providers (122) in our database.

For other services related to this condition, browse our Services categories or search our database.


Contributing Authors: Robin Pratt - 12/2005
Barbara Ward, RN BS - 12/2005
Gina Pola-Money - 12/2005
Joyce Dolcourt - 12/2005
Kristine Ferguson - 12/2005
Teresa Such-Neibar, DO - 12/2005
Lynn Foxx Pease - 12/2005
Helen Post - 12/2005
Roz Welch - 12/2005
Reviewing Author: Alfred Romeo, RN, Ph.D. - 12/2008
Content Last Updated: 12/2008


Thank you to the Utah Medical Home Young Adult Advisory Committee for reviewing this section.